By Paul Tennant
This publication provides the 1st accomplished remedy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to check the trendy political historical past of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides precise realization to the newest court docket judgements, executive rules, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a arguable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the surroundings for the main excessive and chronic calls for by means of local humans, and in addition for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims via governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. offering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have so much different historians and demonstrates how Douglas used to be principally accountable for the long run process the land query. unlike what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia all started their land claims firstly of white payment and persisted regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and executive officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this publication as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who at the present time have extra energy and cohesion than ever ahead of. the writer has performed huge interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency businesses and Indian political firms. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on mess ups and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the college of British Columbia.". This e-book is meant for.
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Extra info for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
12 This view can only dérive from relying more on thé wording of Barclay's instructions than on thé wording of thé treaties and thus failing to realize that Douglas in fact departed from those instructions. The treaties plainly indicate that Douglas did not regard any land as unowned. The text recognizes each Indian community as initially owning "thé whole of thé lands" it traditionally occupied. 13 The starting point for each treaty was that local communities of Indians were recognized as owning every square inch of their traditional lands.
E. Kennedy, to extinguish it. 21 For its pan, thé assembly did authorize Douglas, and later Kennedy, to expend général revenues to extinguish Indian tide. "22 Yet, neither Douglas nor Kennedy arranged any treaties. Shortage of revenue was thé ostensible excuse, although both continued to acknowledge aboriginal tide. "23 As thé actions of die elected assembly and die content of newspaper editorials show, there was continuai local white récognition of aboriginal tide and continuai support for its proper extinguishment.
4 Douglas acted almost immediately. In May 1850 he wrote to his superiors: I summoned to a conférence, thé chiefs and influential men of thé Songees Tribe, which inhabits and claims thé District of Victoria, from Gordon Head on Arro Strait to Point Albert on thé Strait of Juan de Fuca as their own particular héritage. After considérable discussion it was arranged that thé whole of their lands .. should be sold to thé Company, with thé exception of certain Village sites and enclosed fields, for a certain rémunération, to be paid at once to each member of thé Tribe.