By Robert G. Olson
Quintessential consultant to at least one of the main influential concept platforms of our century. Stressing the paintings of Heidegger and Sartre, it bargains a cautious and target exam of the existentialist place and values — freedom of selection, person dignity, own love, artistic attempt — and solutions to the everlasting questions of the human .
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Additional info for An Introduction to Existentialism
Where does this inversion of perspectives come from? For Nietzsche, it results from the revolt of the slaves. Slaves are those who are worse, and therefore those who are unsuccessful in imparting their own measure of things to others and to the world; those who are unsuccessful in adapting the world to their own mold; in brief, those who are unsuccessful at being good. As a result, these worse people try to be good in another way: by changing the rules of the game. Because they have lost at the game as it has been played till now, they attempt to replace it with another, namely, with the kind that will allow them to win—or, rather, that will make it impossible for them to lose.
It is therefore absurd to imagine that we can know our thoughts, wishes, and desires independently of our lives, with which they are inextricably intertwined. Good and Evil, Joy and Pain • 33 In relation to the vastness and multiplicity of collaboration and mutual opposition encountered in the life of every organism, the conscious world of feelings, intentions, and valuations is a small section. ” The “subject,” in the sense of a consciousness that may be comprehensible independently of my life, is an illusion.
This sudden flash of light that leads what will be and what has already been out from the darkness is human life. ” Time does not flow out of itself; it is human life that makes the past differ from the future. Or, rather, the past differs from the future in what we do, and it is only here, in human life, that the difference between past and future has meaning. Time absent its reference to human life is an empty concept—and, on the other hand, human life in fact depends on separating the past from the future: human life is essentially time.