Download BARRON'S AP Chemistry by Neil D. Jespersen Ph.D., Pamela Kerrigan PDF

By Neil D. Jespersen Ph.D., Pamela Kerrigan

Up-to-date to mirror the recent could 2014 AP Chemistry examination, this handbook comprises: six perform AP assessments with all questions replied and defined, a finished topic evaluation protecting all try themes, plus learn suggestions and test-taking techniques.

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Extra info for BARRON'S AP Chemistry

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Knowing the basics well also speeds your work so you will seem to have more time for the tough questions. Basic theories of chemistry require an understanding that can be applied to explaining chemical principles. These include the atomic theory, acid-base theories (Arrhenius and Brønsted-Lowry) VSEPR theory, kinetic molecular theory, collision theory, and transition state theory. 2 Atomic and molecular structures are fundamental to explaining many of the physical and chemical properties of substances.

John’s University. � Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010, 2007 by Barron’s Educational Series, Inc. , under the title How to Prepare for the AP Chemistry Advanced Placement Examination All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means without the written permission of the copyright owner. All inquiries should be addressed to: Barron’s Educational Series, Inc. com eISBN: 978-1-4380-9264-5 CONTENTS Barron’s Essential 5 Preface Acknowledgments Introduction Important Facts About the Advanced Placement Examination in Chemistry Test Content and Distribution Format of the Examination Chemical Calculations Calculator Policy Scoring of the Examination How to Use This Review Book Organizing Your Review What to Expect of the AP Chemistry Examination How to Maximize Your Score Final Preparations for the Exam Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Test 1 Diagnostic Test 2 Diagnostic Test 3 PART ONE: STRUCTURE OF MATTER 1 Structure of the Atom A Review of Important Discoveries About the Atom Atomic Structure The Bohr Model of the Atom Electronic Configurations Practice Exercises 2 The Periodic Table The Modern Periodic Table Periodic Properties of the Elements Practice Exercises 3 Nuclear Chemistry Radioactivity Nuclear Reactions and Equations Natural Radioactive Isotopes Artificial Radioactive Isotopes—Transmutation Rate of Radioactive Decay Practice Exercises PART TWO: CHEMICAL BONDING 4 Ionic Compounds, Formulas, and Reactions Chemical Formulas Chemical Reactions and Equations Bonding Practice Exercises 5 Covalent Compounds, Formulas, and Structure Covalent Molecules Lewis Structures of Molecules Molecular Geometry Molecular Polarity Covalent Bond Formation Practice Exercises 6 Stoichiometry Conversion Calculations Using the Dimensional Analysis Method Chemical Equalities and Relationships The Conversion Sequence Percent Composition Empirical Formulas Molecular Formulas Other Stoichiometric Equations Practice Exercises PART THREE: STATES OF MATTER 7 Gases The Gas Laws Ideal Gas Law Standard Temperature and Pressure Molar Mass, Density, and Molar Volume Kinetic Molecular Theory Average Kinetic Energies and Velocities Real Gases Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures Experiments Involving Gases Practice Exercises 8 Liquids and Solids Comparison of Liquids and Solids to Gases Intermolecular Forces Physical Properties of Liquids Solids Phase Changes Practice Exercises 9 Solutions Introduction and Definitions Solubility and the Solution Process Aqueous Solutions Concentrations of Solutions Effect of Temperature on Solubility Effect of Pressure on Solubility Practice Exercises PART FOUR: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 10 Chemical Equilibrium The Equilibrium Expression Manipulating the Equilibrium Expression Determining the Value of the Equilibrium Constant Using the Equilibrium Expression Equilibrium Calculations Special Equilibrium Constants Le Châtelier’s Principle Practice Exercises 11 Kinetics Reaction Rates Factors That Affect Reaction Rates Applications of Selected Rate Laws Theory of Reaction Rates Reaction Mechanisms Practice Exercises 12 Thermodynamics Essential Definitions Types of Energy Measurement of Energy First Law of Thermodynamics Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Gibbs Free-Energy, ΔG° Practice Exercises PART FIVE: CHEMICAL REACTIONS 13 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions and Electrochemistry Oxidation Numbers Balancing Redox Reactions Common Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Electrochemistry Quantitative Electrochemistry Important Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Practice Exercises 14 Acids and Bases Acid-Base Theories Acid-Base Nomenclature Acids Bases Anhydrides of Acids and Bases Neutralization Reactions Polyprotic Acids Brønsted-Lowry Theory; Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs Complexation Reactions Quantitative Acid-Base Chemistry Practice Exercises 15 Organic Chemistry Carbon Carbon-Hydrogen Compounds Side Chains and Functional Groups Systematic Nomenclature for Organic Compounds Practice Exercises 16 Experimental Chemistry Data Gathering Calculations Graphs Determination of Physical Properties Sample Manipulations Separation Techniques Instrumental Techniques Experimental Reactions Qualitative Analysis of Inorganic Ions Chemical Hazards Safety Principles and Equipment Practice Exercises PRACTICE TESTS Practice Test 1 Practice Test 2 Practice Test 3 Appendix 1 Answer Explanations for End-of-Chapter Questions Appendix 2 Electronic Configurations of the Elements Appendix 3 Thermodynamic Data for Selected Elements, Compounds, and Ions (25°C) Appendix 4 Ionization Constants of Weak Acids Appendix 5 Ionization Constants of Polyprotic Acids Appendix 6 Ionization Constants of Weak Bases Appendix 7 Solubility Product Constants Glossary Answer Explanations This eBook may appear differently depending on what device you are using to view it on.

For example, in the first week of review, you would take the first diagnostic test on Monday, review the first most needed chapter on Wednesday, and review the second most needed chapter on Friday. The schedule requires 8 weeks to complete and leaves all weekends, as well as Tuesdays and Thursdays, free. You can change this to a Tuesday/Thursday/Saturday schedule or any other sequence that assures regular review. This schedule can be compressed into as few as 3 weeks if review is done on a daily basis.

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