By William A. Johnsen
Employing Northrop Frye and René Girard as his theoretical origin, Johnsen reinterprets the works of 3 canonical modernists--Ibsen, Joyce, and Woolf--to argue for his or her dedication to studying collective violence as a defining rationale in literary modernism.
Johnsen exhibits how Frye’s imaginative and prescient of a circulate from mythic to ironic heroes parallels Girard’s view of a society more and more demythologized, and more and more fascinated by scapegoats and victims. He issues to special similarities among those theoretical visions and a growing to be situation for weaker matters throughout literary background, in particular with the flow into the fashionable period. Ibsen, Joyce, and Woolf, he argues, every one wrestled with the strong rituals of self-sacrifice that society calls for within the glossy world—with their techniques and consequences.
Using this concentration, Johnsen addresses Ibsen’s debatable feedback of the democratic majority, Joyce’s inflammatory rejection of physical-force nationalism, and Woolf’s curious refusal of feminist anger as kindred responses to trendy affirmations of collective violence, no longer simply paralleling the insights of Frye and Girard yet extending and refining them.
William A. Johnsen is professor of English at Michigan kingdom collage and the writer of numerous articles on ecu authors and theory.