Download Central and East Africa: 1880 To the Present : From by Daniel E. Harmon PDF

By Daniel E. Harmon

-- a sequence that information the exploration, annexation, and improvement of the African continent by way of Europeans in the course of nineteenth century colonization and its results on modern day Africa -- Generously illustrated volumes with infrequent and strange pictures from the files of the Royal Geographical Society

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Additional info for Central and East Africa: 1880 To the Present : From Colonialism to Civil War (Exploration of Africa)

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At the time, the Europeans’ boundary lines in East Africa were vague. Britain and Germany were racing to lay down rails and make new territorial claims. Between 1896 and 1914 Germany completed two major lines inward from the coast in Tanganyika. One of them reached some 600 miles from the seaport of Dar es Salaam to Kigoma on the shore of Lake Tanganyika. A branch of this line veered north to Mwanza at the lower end of Lake Victoria. While the Germans thus forged an iron bond across its southern colony from sea to lakes, the Uganda Railway made it possible for Britain to control and develop its own East African interior—although Britain did not permit white settlers in Uganda, which became part of British East Africa in 1902.

Resistance turned to open violence. All foreigners in the area were subject to savage attacks by natives. The rebels—warriors from far-flung tribes with no central leader—came to believe they could repel the Germans’ bullets by sprinkling magic water they called majimaji over their bodies. Creating the Colonies 55 Village, Ruvuma River Basin, Tanganyika, c. 1917 The Ruvuma is the most important river in Tanganyika. It rises in the Matagoro Mountains in southeastern Tanganyika. Flowing eastward, it empties into the Indian Ocean.

Richard Francis Burton and John Hanning Speke, British explorers attempting to identify the River Nile’s source, reached Lake Tanganyika overland from the Indian Ocean coast in 1858. Speke, in a solo foray northward, saw the southern edge of Lake Victoria. In time, it would be proved that Lake Victoria feeds the Nile; Lake Tanganyika does not. A few years later, Speke traveled from the lake country down the Nile all the way to the Mediterranean Sea. He is believed to have been the first white man to visit what today is Uganda.

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