By Mansoor Niaz
This booklet explores the connection among the content material of chemistry schooling and the heritage and philosophy of technological know-how (HPS) framework that underlies such schooling. It discusses the necessity to current a picture that displays how chemistry built and progresses. It proposes that chemistry could be taught how it is practiced by means of chemists: as a human company, on the interface of medical perform and HPS. ultimately, it units out to persuade lecturers to move past the normal lecture room perform and discover new instructing techniques.
The significance of HPS has been well-known for the technological know-how curriculum because the center of the 20th century. the necessity for educating chemistry inside a old context isn't obscure as HPS isn't really some distance lower than the skin in any technological know-how school room. A evaluation of the literature indicates that the normal chemistry school room, curricula, and textbooks whereas facing recommendations reminiscent of legislations, conception, version, clarification, speculation, commentary, proof and idealization, commonly forget about parts of the background and philosophy of technological know-how. This publication proposes that the conceptual figuring out of chemistry calls for wisdom and knowing of the heritage and philosophy of science.
“Professor Niaz’s booklet is such a lot welcome, coming at a time while there's an urgently felt have to improve the educating of technological know-how. The ebook is a big reduction for including to the standard manner - providing technology as a sequence of mere evidence - additionally the required mandate: to teach how technology is finished, and the way technological know-how, via its historical past and philosophy, is a part of the cultural improvement of humanity.”
Gerald Holton, Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics & Professor of heritage of technology, Harvard University
“In this stimulating and complicated combination of historical past of chemistry, philosophy of technological know-how, and technological know-how pedagogy, Professor Mansoor Niaz has succeeded in supplying a promising new method of the educating of basic principles in chemistry. Historians and philosophers of chemistry --- and notably, chemistry teachers --- will locate this booklet packed with worthy and hugely usable new ideas”
Alan Rocke, Case Western Reserve University
“This ebook artfully connects chemistry and chemistry schooling to the human context within which chemical technological know-how is practiced and the old and philosophical heritage that illuminates that perform. Mansoor Niaz deftly weaves jointly old episodes within the quest for medical wisdom with the psychology of studying and philosophical reflections at the nature of clinical wisdom and procedure. the result's a compelling case for traditionally and philosophically proficient technology schooling. hugely recommended!”
Harvey Siegel, collage of Miami
“Books that learn the philosophy and historical past of technological know-how in Chemistry are particularly infrequent. ‘Chemistry schooling and Contributions from heritage and Philosophy of technological know-how’ via Mansoor Niaz is without doubt one of the infrequent books at the historical past and philosophy of chemistry and their value in educating this technology. The booklet is going via the entire major techniques of chemistry, and analyzes the old and philosophical advancements in addition to their reflections in textbooks.
Closest to my center is bankruptcy 6, that is dedicated to the chemical bond, the glue that holds jointly all topic in our earth. The bankruptcy emphasizes the progressive effect of the idea that of the ‘covalent bond’ at the chemical group and the nice novelty of the concept that used to be conceived eleven years sooner than quantum mechanics used to be in a position to supply the mechanism of electron pairing and covalent bonding. the writer is going then to explain the emergence of 2 rival theories that defined the character of the chemical bond by way of quantum mechanics; those are valence bond (VB) and molecular orbital (MO) theories. He emphasizes the significance of getting rival theories and interpretations in technology and its development. He extra argues that this VB-MO competition remains to be alive and jointly the 2 conceptual frames function the instrument equipment for pondering and doing chemistry in inventive manners. the writer surveys chemistry textbooks within the mild of the how the books safeguard or no longer the stability among the 2 theories in describing a number of chemical phenomena. This Talmudic method of conceptual stress is a common attribute of any department of evolving knowledge. As such, Mansoor’s booklet will be of serious application for chemistry academics to envision how can they turn into better academics through spotting the significance of conceptual tension”.
Saeree okay. and Louis P. Fiedler Chair in Chemistry
Director, The Lise Meitner-Minerva middle for Computational Quantum Chemistry,
The Hebrew college of Jerusalem, ISRAEL
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This e-book explores the connection among the content material of chemistry schooling and the background and philosophy of technological know-how (HPS) framework that underlies such schooling. It discusses the necessity to current a picture that displays how chemistry built and progresses. It proposes that chemistry can be taught how it is practiced by means of chemists: as a human firm, on the interface of medical perform and HPS.
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Additional info for Chemistry Education and Contributions from History and Philosophy of Science
Lack of a definitive solution to a research question shows that different theories combine to provide the “truth,” thus providing students with an opportunity to do further research. Discussion of the VB and MO models illustrates that no theory can provide a complete and literally correct picture of the world (Giere 2006a, b). Furthermore, the transition from Lewis’s cubic atom to Pauli’s exclusion principle to the valence bond model (Pauling) to the molecular orbital model (Mulliken) to what’s next clearly shows the tentative nature of our understanding of valence.
203, emphasis added). Indeed, this clearly explains how Mendeleev may have reasoned in order to make predictions based on a hypothesis derived from his periodic law. In other words, Mendeleev’s contribution can be considered as a theory. Weisberg (2007) has elaborated further on the reasoning employed by Mendeleev: “… Mendeleev had no empirical knowledge that there were any empty slots to be filled … He first needed to hypothesize the existence of the missing elements by analyzing the theoretical structure he had created.
Furthermore, Kitcher (2011) considers epistemology to be blind without history. Giere’s Perspectivism According to Earman (2004), what the physicists mean by the laws of physics are a set of true principles that can be used to predict and explain. Weinberg (2001), a physicist, has elaborated this further with respect to true principles and how scientists conceptualize progress in science: What drives us onward in the work of science is precisely the sense that there are truths out there to be discovered, truths that once discovered will form a permanent part of human knowledge.