By Dipl.?Ing. (TU) Hansjorg Lipowsky, Dr. Emin Arpaci(auth.)
A complete and gigantic resource of knowledge at the houses, construction, processing and purposes of copper and copper alloys, of curiosity to metallurgical, improvement, layout and trying out engineers within the car and different industries utilizing copper.
The authority at the back of this booklet - the German Copper Institute - used to be based in 1927 and is the technical-scientific advisory middle for all questions referring to purposes and the processing of copper and copper alloys in Germany. For greater than seventy five years, the technical medical advisory and knowledge carrier of the institute has been offering professional support for free. it really is supported through the copper undefined, the ecu Copper Institute (ECI) and The overseas Copper organization. it truly is powerfuble and lively in issues about the use of copper not just in automobile but additionally in all form of business purposes, in construction building, in electric engineering and in questions relating copper's value for health.
Chapter 1 uncooked fabric assets (pages 1–2):
Chapter 2 construction (pages 3–9):
Chapter three type of Copper fabrics (pages 11–28):
Chapter four Wrought Copper fabrics (pages 29–43):
Chapter five Copper Casting fabrics (pages 45–53):
Chapter 6 homes of the Copper fabrics (pages 55–77):
Chapter 7 operating with Copper fabrics (pages 79–116):
Chapter eight layout Notes (pages 117–121):
Chapter nine software (pages 123–125):
Chapter 10 utilization houses (pages 127–143):
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Additional resources for Copper in the Automotive Industry
G. g. 600 mm wide and 25 mm thick with direct cold rolling. In this case, the otherwise necessary steps of “heating” and “hot rolling” are obsolete. For hot rolling, the slabs are heated to above recrystallization temperature. The slabs are then rolled down to about one tenth of their original thickness. A few tenths of a millimeter are milled off each side to remove the cast surface and scale. 1 Manufacture of Semi-finished Products The cogging strips, approximately 10 mm thick, are cold rolled in several passes to thicknesses of 2 to 3 mm according to their cold formability.
Unless stated otherwise, the mechanical properties laid down in this specification refer only to separately cast test bars that serve as estimators of the product quality and casting technique. The strength established in one or several separately cast test bars may differ from that of the castings themselves and cannot be expected in all areas of the casting. This is due to possible differences in the microstructure between test bars and castings. Foundries however, have the possibility to obtain mechanical strength properties in previously selected parts of the casting.
They are also known as casting aluminum bronze. Parts produced for the transport industry by gravity die casting and parts for plain bearings and sliding elements produced by continuous and centrifugal casting are of technical importance. Table 13 contains some examples of the important copper–aluminum casting alloys with their compositions. The iron-containing copper–aluminum casting alloy, due to its high toughness, is used for plain bearings with very high impact loads, bevel gears, synchronizer rings, switching segments and shift forks.