By Kristin M. Bakke
There isn't any one-size-fits-all decentralized repair to deeply divided and conflict-ridden states. one of many hotly debated coverage prescriptions for states dealing with self-determination calls for is a few kind of decentralized governance - together with nearby autonomy preparations and federalism - which gives you minority teams a level of self-rule. but the music list of present decentralized states means that those have largely divergent capability to comprise conflicts inside of their borders. via in-depth case reports of Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec, in addition to a statistical cross-country research, this ebook argues that whereas coverage, financial, and political decentralization can, certainly, be peace-preserving now and then, the results of those associations are conditioned by means of characteristics of the societies they (are intended to) govern. Decentralization might help protect peace in a single nation or in a single quarter, however it can have simply the other impact in a rustic or zone with diversified ethnic and financial features
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Extra resources for Decentralization and intrastate struggles : Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec
Third, political ties among elites can also ensure that concessions and promises, once given, are more credible, as defecting would hurt both sides. Moreover, to the degree that “Peace-Preserving” Decentralization? 27 political party ties across tiers of government facilitate personal contact and communication with officials at different tiers of government, the officials may be more likely to trust one another and consider promises credible. Just like indivisible demands are considered an obstacle to bargaining, so are noncredible commitments (Walter 2002).
I focus on the ways in which the absence of political ties between ruling elites or coalitions at the center and ruling elites in ethnic majority/minority regions affects the turn to violent conflict, as well as how the presence of political ties between the center and other regions of the state can affect the center’s interactions with the majority/minority region. The aim is to specify the processes that connect political elite ties to one of the most unstable forms of federal bargaining, violent conflicts between center and periphery.
Finally, Chapter 5 examines the case of Québec, where the sovereignty movement has sought to redefine the province’s relationship with the rest of Canada since the 1960s, calling for Québec to become a sovereign state in a close association with Canada. In 1995, the movement, spearheaded by the Parti Québécois, led the province to a referendum that almost brought Canada to a breaking point, as barely 50,000 votes separated those who wanted to remain part of the federation and those who wanted to split.