Download Designing for Situation Awareness: An Approach to by Mica R. Endsley PDF

By Mica R. Endsley

This publication is directed at human elements researchers and practitioners who're engaged in designing structures to aid scenario knowledge (SA) in a wide selection of components and is liberally illustrated with genuine layout examples.

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4 S Y S T E M S D E V E L O P M E N T LIFE C Y C L E In order to better understand how to inject a consideration of situation awareness into the design of systems, we will provide a brief overview of the typical system design process used across many different industries. The names of the phases and exact process can vary quite a bit from industry to industry and from company to company. In gcneral, however, the broad descriptions of the processes and the design cycle presented here have a role in many different types of development efforts.

The pilot must be able to land the airplane, but if the path is in jeopardy due to an incursion of another airplane in that airspace, the pilot will need to alter the goal of landing to one of avoiding a collision. Thus the pilot will switch between goal-driven processing (trying to land the airplane) to data-driven processing that changed the goal (aborting the landing to avoid a collision), to goal-directed processing associated with the new goal. Because the active goal(s) has an effect on SA, the effective juggling of these multiple, often competing goals as priorities change is very important for SA.

People cannot attend to all information at once, however. A person's ability to perceive multiple items simultaneously is limited by their attention, which is finite. This, in turn, greatly limits the amount of SA an individual can achieve. For example, when driving down the road, a driver might monitor the traffic ahead, the music on the radio, and perhaps the fecling of bumpiness of the road. However, gauges, conversations, and traffic behind the driver may not all be perceived simultaneously and therefore are not attended to as often.

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