By E.J.B. Allen
Diplomatic negotiation of our day is a curious mixture of nationwide activity in the bloc thought. The remnants of our 19th century country alism struggles - part willingly - with the facility greater continental or ideological bloc could deliver. within the 16th century males knew that the protecting bloc of Christendom wouldn't offer peace, but they weren't convinced that the recent nationwide states may safe it both. we have now a lot to achieve from a examine of diplomatic approaches and associations in one of these transitional interval. This monograph relies upon the nice collections of released diplomatic correspondence of britain, France, and Spain and, because of the generosity of Dr. De Lamar Jensen, i've been lucky in having at my disposal his hoard of microfilmed letters and dispatches of the best ambassadors of the 16th century. after all, i have never learn the entire diplomatic correspondence, yet i feel i've got culled adequate info to teach and examine the position performed by means of the put up and courier provider within the international relations of Early Modem Europe.
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Extra resources for Post and Courier Service in the Diplomacy of Early Modern Europe
Dale. who had served in numerous official posts, still expected special recognition for the Queen's packets. In 1561 four armed men had held up the nuncio's courier in Piedmont and imprisoned him in Turin while his dispatches were inspected. He was then allowed to go on to Rome without the dispatches for the Pope and without the Spanish CSP Eliz For, XII, p. 65. , IX, p. 195. 7 J. ), Corr. de Philippe 11 sur les af/aires des Pays-Bas, II, p. 80. B CSP Eliz For, XI, p. 359. S THE DIPLOMATIC COURIER: SOME GENERALIZATIONS 25 ambassador's letters.
But he gives no sources. yet in the same paragraph he carefully notes the documents which show exception to this price. l l The Gravesend-Flushing crossing cost 6/8 12 but then that is a considerably longer traverse. 13 3) This figure of 2/6 a post is calculated at the highest English rate. The set price for post horses in France was 20 sols. however. 1 4 4) The price for the guide is calculated at the English rate. I have not found a specific rate for guide service in France. As far as the courier was concerned, the guide was hired to return the horses rather than show the courier the way.
150. , Cecil Papers, IV, p. 138; CSP Eliz For, II, p. 436; XXIV, p. 327; CSP Spanish, IV, p. 5. " 24 But these were the unusual tricks. For the most part the trusted servant provided the greatest security. Yet a particular servant might become known and watched. " The point is obvious that Throckmorton's man had crossed the Channel before but not so often at Dunkirk that he might not get through again. " 25 The courier traveled both day and night. m. Fourquevaux in Madrid writes of "un courrier du nuict" but this is the only instance I have come across of this expression, and it appears to signify that the courier will travel by night as well as day: in other words, express.